In a perfect world, we would all have clear, balanced and flawless skin that never feels too dry or too oily. But the reality is that we all have unique skin, and it’s helpful to know your skin type so you can tailor fit your skincare routine to suit your needs. Read on to learn more about the different skin types and how to care for them:

Sensitive Skin

This is reactive skin that can easily get irritated. Many products can case stinging, burning, redness, itchiness or tightness, and cause your skin to breakout. This is different from acneic or blemish-prone skin where pimples are caused by excessive oil production and clogged pores. To care for sensitive skin, you need to opt for gentle, skin-nourishing products like the plant-based organic beauty products by Well Within Beauty.

Stay away from harsh, potent and overly aggressive skincare products that contain lots of actives. Keep your routine simple, focused mainly on a gentle yet effective cleanser, a nourishing moisturizer, and sun protection in the day time. If you have extremely sensitive skin, you may choose to skip washing your face with a cleanser in the morning altogether, and just rinse with water. Then at night, first remove your makeup and sunscreen with a natural makeup remover, followed by a wash with a gentle, soothing, creamy or milky cleanser.

Dry Skin

Dry skin produces less oil or sebum than normal skin. It can feel tight and brittle, with a rough or flaky texture, and look dull. It is also less than elastic than normal skin, so will sag and develop fine lines and wrinkles more easily as you get older.

To care for dry skin, you need to stay away from harsh and overly stripping cleansers, usually foam cleansers. Cream or milky cleansers are better for dry skin types. After washing your face, immediately apply a nourishing moisturizer while your skin is still damp, to lock in moisture and keep your skin hydrated. Stay away from skincare products that contain alcohol and other astringent ingredients, as these can further dehydrate your skin.

Oily Skin

Oily skin is the result of overproduction of sebum from your oil glands. This may be caused by genetics, hormones and stress. Oily skin quickly becomes greasy, slick and shiny even after washing, which may contribute to breakouts, pimples and acne when the sebum clogs your pores. People with oily skin may find it challenging to deal with, but the upside of having oily skin is that it retains it elasticity longer, so you may look younger even as you get older.

Many people with oily skin make the mistake of washing their face too frequently in an effort to get rid of the grease and shine. This is a mistake because washing your face too often can throw your skin out of balance, causing it to produce even more oil to make up for the lost moisture. Limit cleansing to twice a day, with a gentle, pH-balanced cleanser. Contrary to popular belief, oily skin also needs to be moisturized. Choose a lightweight, gel or water-based moisturizer that doesn’t feel heavy or greasy to apply.

Knowing your skin type will help you better understand what your skin needs, so you can choose the right products to address your specific and unique concerns. Pay attention to your skin and use only what it needs to achieve a healthy, happy balance.